Know How To Become Certified Phlebotomist

In order to know how to become a phlebotomist there are some basic steps which have to be followed. The first steps for become a phlebotomist include earning a diploma from a high school or an equivalent degree. The need for getting future education and training in this subject is the finishing of education in the high school level.

Getting a diploma of high school or an equal degree like the GED is a basic requirement for getting into the phlebotomy training program. One should have an age of 18 years for the purpose of entering the program too.

The second step is to complete the training program in this field. The people who are interested in this subject sometimes enroll in a program in a technical school or a college. At the time of this program which is mostly of less than a year and short term, students learn the ways of drawing blood and the methods of interacting with patients.

Phlebotomy01Regular courses consist of equipment disposal, lab safety as well as legal problems. Students shall keep an equilibrium in the classroom learning and the training in clinical offices and hospital. After the completion of disease tests repeatedly and skin punctures is mandatory as well for showing accuracy.

The third step requires the issuance of license and certification. When the education program is completed, the students plan to develop into the certified professionals. Certification is done from the American Association of Medical Personnel, Society of Clinical Pathologists or the American Medical Technologists (AMT).

For the purpose of becoming certified, the students should fulfill the requirements of eligibility which are established by the organization. For instance the requirement of AMT is that students should be graduated from a approved training program and should have finished a minimum of 1,040 hours of experience of work along with a successful passing of their certification examination.

Employers usually prioritize in hiring those people who have a national certification with them like the credential of American Medical Technologists (AMT)’s Registered Phlebotomy Technician. Moreover, a few of the states like the California need them to have a license to work in the state in a legal manner. Hence, these requirements may be subject to changes from one organization to the other and one state to the other which have to be checked.

How To Buy An Amber Teething Necklace Without Being Scammed

Your child is your most treasured possession and obviously the “baby days” are the ones you will recall all your life. However, there are those moments you can get worried because of certain phases and one from them all is the teething phase.

Well, with the return of the long lost traditional Baltic Amber Teething Necklace you do not need to be worried anymore, the Amber Teething necklace is here to adorn your babe and take him/her away from any kind of discomfort that occurs during the teething stage. Baltic Amber Necklace is the answer to your prayers to see your baby go through the teething phase without pain and struggle and give you the pleasure of enjoying that innocent baby smile.

The best part of amber teething necklace is that your child does not need to go through the hassles of any kind of medication and drugs that could have a variety of side effects on the delicate body of your baby. Teething Necklaces Baltic Amber is not a new discovery but rather a resurrection of a long lost ancient European traditional natural remedy for teething, now brought back for parents.


The traditional amber teething necklace has been tested and proven scientifically and re-emerges forcefully assuring painless teething for babies and children. The beads in the necklace are made of Amber which is a natural analgesic and on contact with the skin; it stimulates release of healing oils that keeps your baby calm, relaxed and painless throughout teething.

Baltic amber teething necklace has proved to avoid all those rashes, discomforts and other teething problems. While buying this amazing product, make sure you do not get fooled by the growing number of fake teething necklace makers in the market. The Authentic Baltic amber necklace owns the phrase “Baltic Amber” on it; avoid other product you may come across, for example the ones with names such as “copper amber”, and other cheap amber chip makers.

amber necklace for teething

The fake ones are extremely dangerous and can go to the extent of chocking your child. Hence, make sure that you buy the authentic hand crafted “baltic amber teething necklace” examining the length of the necklace that perfectly suits your little one. Finally, though this might not seem pleasing to your ears, it would be wise not to go for the discounted amber teething products as these could be fake and cause more harm to your precious baby. Avoid the scam! The original Baltic Amber product comes with a price and hence do not avoid the research that goes behind it. The right product is helpful and your baby is hale, healthy, happy, and so are you.

Common Treatments Offered By Dentist:

Visiting the dentist can be a horrible experience to some people, and no matter how justified their reasons are to them, the benefits one could gain from maintaining a good oral hygiene can still be so rewarding that it would be worth all the pain and waiting time.

While it is perfectly normal to be afraid of the dentist and his little tools, there are some procedures that can be vital that you would have to just man-up and face, especially if it involves saving your life. A good dental hygiene can prevent future complications like deep root canal treatment and periodontal diseases.

One of the most common procedures that you could expect would be plastering of the tooth. This would be required if one’s tooth has cavities or uneven surfaces that may cause lesions or ulcer to the inside of the mouth.

Cavities also allow germs and bacteria to infest the inside of the tooth, which can cause incredible pain. Since this is an outer procedure, no anesthesia is involved, and even though the dentist might drill some part of your tooth to smoothen the surface for the administration of the dental paste, the most that you would feel is the tingling sensation of your tooth against the metal drill.

Another procedure that you could encounter is of course the removal of a tooth. Having a fear against this has been recorded in even fully grown adults, and to be honest, there is no shame in it. This is because this procedure would involve the administration of a local anesthesia, which will be injected directly into the tooth’s veins.

This can be quite painful if you are susceptible to pain in that way. The removal of the tooth is then proceeded with only a slight tug that can barely be felt. If you are afraid that the anesthesia might wear of mid-procedure, don’t be. The dentist would have enough knowledge to control it.

Lastly is scaling, which is probably not needed unless your teeth are in too horrible of a condition. Scaling is a treatment that cleans the surface of your teeth, as well as the little crevices between teeth and gums. The scraping of debris can be extremely tingly and annoying, and even though this procedure almost always results with bleeding gums, the bleeding does not cause any pain. No anesthesia is applied by the dentist at, and though this can leave your mouth sore for a few days, healing process can occur faster depending on the materials your dentist would use.

Common Dental Procedures

Korsakoff’s Syndrome – Amnesic Confabulatory Syndrome

Also known as Korsakoff’s dementia, amnesic confabulatory syndrome or Korsakoff’s psychosis, Korsakoff’s syndrome is a neurological disorder caused by a deficiency of vitamin B1 (thiamine) in the brain. It is also associated with severe malnutrition, alcohol abuse or both.

The prevalence of Korsakoff’s syndrome is estimated to be somewhere between 0.8-3% of the population and it varies from country to country.

Symptoms and Signs

There are six important symptoms but memory loss is the main symptom.

And the memory loss includes both anterograde amnesia (the loss of ability to form new memories) and retrograde amnesia (loss of memories stored before the condition occured).

Another important symptom of the syndrome is confabulation which means people invent memories and take them for real. At first, scientists believed it is because of the gaps in the memory which the patients sometimes try to fill. But it was found that amnesia and confabulation are not always occurring together.a

Other symptoms of Korsakoff’s syndrome include:

  • Lack of insight
  • Minimal content in conversations
  • Apathy which means the patient is indifferent to change and easily loses interest in anything

It is called Wernicke – Korsakoff’s syndrome when Korsakoff’s syndrome is accompanied by Wernicke’s encephalopathy.

Wernicke – Korsakoff’s syndrome affects 1 in 8 people with alcoholism. People affected are most often men with ages between 45 and 65 with a long history of alcohol abuse.

Korsakoff’s syndrome involves neuronal loss, hemorrhage in mammillary bodies and gliosis.


Other than severe malnutrition and chronic alcoholism the causes of Korsakoff’s syndrome include effects of chemotherapy, eating disorders, prolonged vomiting and dietary deficiencies.

Though they are rare, lesions of the central nervous system might also cause symptoms of Korsakoff’s syndrome.

Risk Factors

There are a few factors that increase the risks of developing Korsakoff’s syndrome such as

  • Age
  • Chemotherapy
  • Extreme dieting
  • Dialysis
  • Genetic factors.


For a correct diagnosis a person should stop drinking for several weeks. The first steps include a medical history, lab tests and a physical exam. Psychological tests of memory are also needed. Then the person will be observed to see if the condition improves after the person stopped drinking.

Sometimes when the condition gets worse people are diagnosed with Alzheimer’s disease or other form of dementia. Anyway it is possible for a person to have both dementia and Korsakoff’s syndrome.


The treatment involves proper nutrition and hydration along with supplementation of thiamin.

Many times patients with Korsakoff’s syndrome require full-time care. Rehabilitation can help sometimes regain some level of independence.

Unfortunately only in 20% of the cases the disorder might be reversed. When treatment is successful the improvement is visible in 2 years but recovery is most often incomplete and slow.

Most often the immediate treatment includes intravenous or intramuscular injections of B-complex vitamins for 2-3 days, administered 3 times a day. Then the treatment will consist in oral administration of thiamine for 3 to 12 months.

People with Korsakoff’s syndrome might also need long-term treatment for other effects of the alcohol abuse like liver damage for example.


In order to avoid and prevent the development of Korsakoff’s syndrome vitamin B deficiency should be avoided which are most often caused by weight disorders and alcoholism.